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In 2014, China kept its position as the world’s largest exporter of goods for the sixth consecutive year. China's share of world exports has exceeded 12.3% - is a new record in history. United States, being the second largest merchandise exporter in terms of gross value, is the largest importer also. Net imports of goods in the US is the largest in the world in nominal terms. In 2014 net imports of goods in US was $787 bln, $610 bln more than the second-largest world’s merchandise net importer – United Kingdom. The third world’s country by the amount of net imports is India (143 billion dollars as of 2014).

Japan, which was on the top of the ranking of world’s net exporting countries 30 years ago, in 2011 became a net importer of goods for the first time since the early 1980s. By the end of 2014, Japan's net imports increased to 138 billion dollars and the country has become the fourth largest in the world in terms of merchandise net imports.

Explore how the structure of the world’s exports and imports has changed over the years. Select the country, geographic region or country group in the list to see the trends on the graph below the page.

Source: Values and shares of merchandise exports and imports, annual, 1948-2014

Aperçu des données en lien

Export Concentration Index: A Measure of Economic Vulnerability

The concentration index of exports estimates a country’s reliance on a limited group of commodities as its primary source of foreign exchange income. Ranging from 0 (perfect diversification) to 1 (concentrated on a single product)*, a comparison of index scores to the contribution of natural resources to GDP worldwide shows that countries that are resource-rich tend to have less diversified export bases.Last year Iraq’s export concentration index reached 0.97, driven by its export concentration in mineral fuels, namely oil. Other oil exporters—including Angola, Iran, Kuwait, and Nigeria, among others—likewise have high concentration scores....

Trade Policy Review Body - Singapore

Surveillance of national trade policies is a fundamentally important activity running throughout the work of the WTO. At the centre of this work is the Trade Policy Review Mechanism (TPRM). All WTO members are reviewed, the frequency of each country’s review varying according to its share of world trade. Event Holder: World Trade Organization Source of data: WTO, the World Bank, UN

Trade Policy Review: European Union (formerly EC)

Trade Policy Reviews are an exercise, mandated in the WTO agreements, in which member countries' trade and related policies are examined and evaluated at regular intervals. Significant developments that may have an impact on the global trading system are also monitored. All WTO members are subject to review, with the frequency of review depending on the country's size. Event holder:  World Trade Organization

Trade Policy Review Body - Guatemala

The WTO General Council meets as the Trade Policy Review Body to undertake trade policy reviews of Members under the TPRM and to consider the Director-General's regular reports on trade policy developement. The TPRB is thus open to all WTO Members. The current chair is Ms. Irene B. K. YOUNG (Hong Kong, China).   Event Holder: World Trade Organization Source of data: Merchandise trade matrix, imports and exports of total all products, annual, 1995-2014, WTO statistical data sets, 1948-2014