The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger globally and by country and region. Calculated each year by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the GHI highlights successes and failures in hunger reduction and provides insights into the drivers of hunger.
The GHI ranks countries on a 100-point scale. Zero is the best score (no hunger), and 100 is the worst, although neither of these extremes is reached in practice. To reflect the multidimensional nature of hunger, the GHI combines three equally weighted indicators in one index number:
Over the past 10 years most countries have made significant achievements in the hunger reduction. However, some states have failed: in Swazilend, Timor-Leste, Moldova, Paraguay, Sudan, Iraq, Syria and Namibia the overall hunger index score has increased in 2014, compared to 2005 (see the heatmap at the bottom of the page).
Source: Global hunger index, 1990 - 2014
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Due to many reasons people all over the world have different composition of their daily diet. Here we suggest you to look at how the composition of daily diet varies across different countries with the change of per capita income. People in high income countries consume more vegetable oils, sugar and sweeteners, milk and meat. With the decrease of income among countries, consumption of cereals accounts for bigger share of daily diet. People living at extreme poverty level consume much more starchy roots. Name of each country on the chart below is followed by value of gross national income (GNI) per capita in current US$ for 2013 (source:...
People in Uzbekistan, India, Nigeria, Kenya, Vietnam, Pakistan, Bolivia, China, Cameroon spend on food from 10 to 5 times less US dollars per capita compared to USA.
World Food Day is annually held on October 16 to commemorate the founding of the United Nations' (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Each year has a different theme. World Food Day is a global observance and not a public holiday. World Food Day is a day of action against hunger. On October 16, people around the world come together to declare their commitment to eradicate hunger in our lifetime. Because when it comes to hunger, the only acceptable number in the world is zero. Across the globe, many different events are organized to raise awareness of problems in food supply and distribution and to raise money to support projects...
Food is a basic human need. And we tried to estimate how much do people pay for food in different countries. It appeared that food availability significantly varies across countries. In general, price of 1000 Kcal goes up inline with per capita income. For example, in Greece, Belarus, Croatia, Japan and Macedonia people pay $2.8 (based on PPP) for 1000 Kcal. At the same time in Nigeria, Uzbekistan, China India and Kenya the price of 1000 kcal is less then $0.7. It is interesting, that the U.S. citizens pay for food noticably less compared to other developed and many developing countries.