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Over the last thirty years, the ranking of world exporters has significantly changed. Until 2000 the leading positions had been occupied by Germany and the United States. In 2010 China outpaced them, and till now China has taken the first place with a significant advantage, whereas the United States and Germany take the second and the third places accordingly. As regards the import, till 2016 the United States has taken the first position in the number of imported goods. Germany also imports a lot of goods that allows it to take the leading position. By 2005 China had also increased the value of imports, and since 2010 has taken the second place in the rating of imports. 

Exports Ranking shows the countries that take leading positions in the export of goods provided that the cost of transportation on board of airlines or cargoship is paid by the seller, that is called 'Freight on Board' or 'Free on Board"'(FOB).
Imports  Ranking demonstrates the value of transported goods subject to the seller arranges for the carriage of goods to a place of destination, for this, there is a term 'Cost, Insurance and Freight'(CIF).  

 

Access Data: IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)Import By Partner Country | Export By Partner Country 

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United States: The World's Newest Major Exporter of Crude Oil

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US Imports of Steel and Aluminium: Tariffs Perspective

On March 8, 2018, US president Donald Trump issued two proclamations to adjust US imports of aluminum and steel from all countries except Canada and Mexico, key regional allies and trade partners. President Trump asserted that a 25 percent tariff on steel “articles” and a 10 percent tariff on aluminum articles are necessary for the US to develop its domestic steel and aluminum industries and to protect and create jobs. The US is the world's largest importer of the steel and aluminum articles covered by the proclamations. The import value of steel articles has declined twofold in the last two years, yet remains 32 percent...

Export Concentration Index: A Measure of Economic Vulnerability

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An International Trade Perspective on the War in Syria

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