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The Pew Charitable Trusts, an independent nonprofit, is the sole beneficiary of seven individual charitable funds established between 1948 and 1979 by two sons and two daughters of Sun Oil Company founder Joseph Newton Pew and his wife, Mary Anderson Pew. Honoring their parents’ religious conviction that good works should be done quietly, the original Pew Memorial Foundation was a grant making organization that made donations anonymously.
Today The Pew Charitable Trusts is a global non-governmental organization with three broad goals:
• Improve public policy by conducting rigorous analysis, linking diverse interests to pursue common cause and insisting on tangible results;
• Inform the public by providing useful data that illuminate the issues and trends shaping our world;
• Invigorate civic life by encouraging democratic participation and strong communities. In our hometown of Philadelphia, we support organizations that create a thriving arts and culture community and institutions that enhance the well-being of the region’s neediest citizens.
Debt and state personal income are based on calendar years; pension and retiree health care data are based on states’ own fiscal years. Retiree health care data are reported since 2010 because states only began publishing the plans’ unfunded obligations in 2008, and states were still adjusting to the new reporting standards in the first two years. Pension data are reported since 2003 because it is the first year for which Pew collected data. The size of a state’s liability is expressed as a percentage of personal income. But when expressing how much a state’s liability has changed, such as between 2003 and 2013, the difference between those percentages is measured in percentage points, not percent. Dollar values are rounded to the nearest thousand. Obligations as a share of state personal income are rounded to the nearest tenth of a percent. Obligations as a share of personal income may not always sum due to rounding.
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