Southern Poverty Law Center
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Accès le : 24 juin, 2016
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This list of 892 active hate groups, up from the 784 groups listed a year before, is base on information gathered by the Intelligence Project from hate group publications, citizen reports, law enforcement agencies, field sources, web postings, and news reports.
Only organizations known to be active in 2015, whether that activity included marches, rallies, speeches, meetings, leafleting, publishing literature or criminal acts, among other activities, were counted in the listing. Entities that appear to exist only in cyberspace are not included because they are likely to be individual Web publishers who likely to falsely portray themselves as powerful, organized froups. This listing contains all known chapters of hate organizations.
Groups are categorized as Ku Klux Klan, White Nationalist, Racist Skinhead, Christian Identity, Neo-Confederate, Black Separatist, and General Hate. Because skinheads are migratory and often not affiliated with groups, this listing understates their numbers. Christian Identity describes a religion that is fundamentally racist and anti-Semitic. Black Separatist groups are organizations whose ideologies include tenets of racially based hatred. Neo-Confederate groups seek to revive many of the racist principles of the antebellum South. White Nationalist groups espouse white supremacy or white separatism but generally avoid anti-Semitism. General Hate groups espouse various ideologies of hatred and include the sub-categories of Anti-LGBT groups, Anti-Immigrant groups, Anti-Muslim groups, Holocaust Denial groups, Racist Music labels, Radical Traditionalist Catholic groups (which reject core Catholic teachings and espouse anti-Semitism) and Other (a variety of groups endorsing a hodge-podge of hate doctrines).
Ku Klux Klan. With its long history of violence, the Klan is the most infamous — and oldest — of American hate groups. When the Klan was formed in 1865, it was single, unitary organization. Today, there are dozens of competing Klan groups. Although black Americans have typically been the Klan's primary target, it has also attacked Jews, immigrants, homosexuals, and Catholics.
Neo-Nazi. These groups share a hatred for Jews and and admiration for Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany. While they also hate other minorities, homosexuals, and even sometimes Christians, the perceive "the Jew" as their cardinal enemy and trace social problems to a Jewish conspiracy that supposedly controls governments, financial institutions, and the media.
White Nationalist. White nationalist groups espouse white supremacist or white separatist ideologies, often focusing on the alleged inferiority of non-whites. Groups listed in several other categories — Ku Klux Klan, neo-Confederate, neo-Nazi, racist Skinhead, and Christian Identity — could also be described as white nationalist.
Racist Skinhead. Racist skinheads form a particularly violent element of the white supremacist movement and have often been referred to as the "shock troops" of the hoped-for revolution. The archetypal skinhead look is a shaved head, black boots with red laces, jeans with suspenders, and an array of typically racist tattoos. Skinheads are migratory and often not affiliated with groups.
Christian Identity. Christian Identity describes a religion that he is fundamentally racist and anti-Semitic. It asserts that whites, not Jews, are true Israelites favored by God in the Bible. In most of its forms, Identity theology depicts Jews as biologically descended from Satan while non-whites are seen as soulless "mud people" created with the other Biblical "beasts of the field." Some groups listed in other categories, such as the the neo-Nazi Aryan Nations and several Klan groups, also hold Christian Identity beliefs.
Neo-Confederate. Many groups celebrate traditional Southern culture and the Civil War's dramatic conflict between the Union and the Confederacy. But neo-Confederate groups go further and embrace racist attitudes toward blacks and white separatism. Neo-Confederate groups seek to revive many of the racist principles of the antebellum South.
Black Separatist. Black separatist groups are organizations whose ideologies include tenets of racially based hatred. These groups typically oppose integration and racial intermarriage, and want separate institutions — or even a separate nation — for blacks. Most forms of black separatism are strongly anti-White and anti-Semitic.
General Hate. These organizations are subdivided into Anti-LGBT, anti-Immigrant, Holocaust denial, racist music, and radical traditionalist Catholic groups. A final "other" sub-category includes groups espousing a variety of hateful doctrines.