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Publié par la source : 18 avril 2019
Prochaine version attendue : 20 avril 2020
The Range of Score to Access the Press Freedom.
From 0 to 15 points: Good
From 15.01 to 25 points: Fairly good
From 25.01 to 35 points: Problematic
From 35.01 to 55 points: Bad
From 55.01 to 100 points: Very bad
Note: Negative value is available for 2012 only and it represents the country in top*
The press freedom index that Reporters Without Borders publishes every year measures the level of freedom of information in nearly 180 countries. It reflects the degree of freedom that journalists, news organizations and netizens enjoy in each country, and the efforts made by the authorities to respect and ensure respect for this freedom. It is based partly on a questionnaire that is sent to our partner organizations (18 freedom of expression NGOs located in all five continents), to our network of 150 correspondents, and to journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. The 179 countries ranked in this year’s index are those for which Reporters Without Borders received completed questionnaires from various sources. Some countries were not included because of a lack of reliable, confirmed data. A score and a position are assigned to each country in the final ranking. They are complementary indicators that together assess the state of press freedom. In order to make the index more informative and make it easier to compare different years, scores will henceforth range from 0 to 100, with 0 being the best possible score and 100 the worst. The index reflects the situation during a specific period. This year’s index is based solely on events between the start of December 2012 and the end of November 2013. It does not look at human rights violations in general, just violations of freedom of information. The index should in no way be taken as an indication of the quality of the media in the countries concerned.
*In order to have a bigger spread in the scores and increase the differentiation between countries,
this year’s questionnaire had more answers assigning negative points. That is why countries at
the top of the index have negative scores this year. Although the point system has produced a
broader distribution of scores than in 2010, each country’s evolution over the years can still be
plotted by comparing its position in the index rather than its score. This is what the arrows in the
table refer to – a country’s change in position in the index compared with the preceding year.