The oil price has fallen by more than 30% since Summer 2014. This affected everyone from producers to consumers. The visualization represents Oil Price Dynamics, Breakeven Oil Price which shows oil prices needed to meet general government expenditure and Marginal Cost of Oil Production which shows the change in total cost of producing one additional barrel of oil.
World oil price at $55-$60 / barrel exceeds the cost of Russian Arctic oil production, Europe and Brazil biofuels production, shale and tight oil production in US and Canada and offshore oil extraction in Brazil.
State budgets of oil-producing countries will suffer from oil price decrease if the market price falls below breakeven price. In Dec. 2014 world oil prices fell lower than necessary for almost all oil exporters in order to balance their government expenditures.
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Oil prices grew by 1.1 percent in September modestly rebounding from a 7 percent drop in July. Since January, when the price of Brent crude reached a 12-year low, oil prices have rebounded by 50 percent and nearly reached last year's average of $46.99 per barrel. Barring any market surprises, a further recovery of oil prices hinges on a reduction of oil production by OPEC member states in the fourth quarter. Fluctuations in global crude oil prices have always been the focus of the economic and financial news. The higher crude oil prices rise, the more positive is the economic outlook for petroleum exporters. In contrast, countries dependent...
Slump of oil prices does not slow oil production immediately as it does with investment according to historical evidence. On the contrary, it affects future production through decreased investment in exploration and development of new fields. However, in the current conditions when oil price hovered above break-even price (price at which it becomes worthwhile to extract) for several years the response of production to price decrease may come more quickly. Especially, it concerns countries which experience high operating costs of oil production, namely United Kingdom, Brazil, Canada, Australia. In these countries oil price slump will affect...
Source: OPEC Annual Statistical Bulletin, 2015
The establishment and growth of OPEC reflects the growing sovereignty of oil producing countries over their natural resources. Through the collaboration of OPEC member countries, and through cooperative relationships with other international organizations, OPEC has consistently looked for ways to coordinate and unify the petroleum policies of its members to ensure:the stabilization of prices in international oil markets with a view to eliminating harmful and unnecessary fluctuations with due regard at all times to the interests of the producing nations, including the necessity of securing a steady income for each member,an efficient,...