As per the study conducted by Yale University on environment performance, Switzerland, Latvia and Norway came up as the strongest performers and Iraq, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan emerged as the weakest performers, for the year 2012. EPI ranks countries based on various indicators, covering environment, human health, ecosystem vitality etc. As seen from the graph, ( EPI Vs GDP per capita), the top performers, come from European countries with high per capita income levels ( with the exception of Costa Rica, Rank 5, a middle income country, investing heavily into ecosystem based development). Developing countries and low income countries, on an average, fared poorly due to lack of basic infrastructure like access to safe drinking water, poor sanitation and environmental burden of disease. The study triggered various policy measures across the globe like “Going Green Initiative” adopted by companies in India, investments in safe drinking water and modern sanitation techniques taken up by some of the developing economies, and a check on carbon emissions by airline and other automobile industries.
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Statistics and information on the worldwide supply of, demand for, and flow of minerals and materials essential to the economy, the national security, and protection of the environment. Historical data
Source: Energy Information Administration
The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) considers any matter within the IMO's scope that is concerned with prevention and control of pollution from ships. Event Holder: International Institute for Sustainable Development Source of data: World Development Indicators (WDI), July 2016, Transport infrastructure investment and maintenance spending